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Research Projects

  • Sonami Logo A. Berger Precision logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: A. Berger Precision

    Principle Investigator: Ethan Shen, CIM

    Co-Principal Investigator: Ameera Al-Karkhi, MEET

    Student Research Assistants: Stavro Gentile (MEET), Sameer Ahmed (MEET), Yash Rathod (ACS), Dhruvkumar Sojitra (ACS)

    Technology Areas: Robotics, Automation, Vision Systems, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence


    In collaboration with Sheridan’s Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (CIM), A. Berger Precision aimed to demonstrate an automated inspection system which improves upon the current manual inspection system, enhancing accuracy in cases when 100% visual inspection is required. The ambitious final goal for an automated inspection system is that all visual defects should be detected on the outer and interior surfaces of parts.


    The Challenge:

    • Develop an advanced automated inspection system that surpasses the existing manual inspection process in accuracy and efficiency.
    • Design and demonstrate an imaging system capable of capturing high-resolution images of parts, specifically with the ability to detect 50um size defects.
    • Implement and train an artificial intelligence model to achieve a remarkable 95% success rate in detecting visual defects, effectively distinguishing variations between flawless parts and even minor imperfections.

    The Solution: The project established a proof-of-concept automated inspection system and involved the development of a functional robotic imaging and inspection system, accompanied by the creation of an AI model specialized in detecting defects on targeted components. This initial phase focused on showcasing the proficiency of the imaging system and AI model in identifying exterior defects. To achieve this, an automated imaging system comprising a digital camera and ABB robot was integrated for image acquisition. Simultaneously, an AI algorithm was implemented and trained to effectively detect defects on the inspected parts. This integrated approach demonstrated enhanced efficiency and accuracy in defect detection for Berger high-precision components.

  • Sonami Logo LEVEL Motion logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: LEVEL Motion

    Principle Investigator: Victor Bravo, MEET

    Co-Principal Investigator: Ethan Shen, CIM

    Student Research Assistants: Theodore Nguyen, MEET

    Technology Areas: 3D Printing, Design for Manufacturing, Biocompatible Materials, Medical Devices, Wearable Sensing


    The objective of this project was the development and optimization of sensor and charger enclosures originally created by LEVEL Motion, by following the design for manufacturing (DFM) process. The LEVEL wearable sensor system precisely measures joint range of motion and speed of motion during rehabilitation activities. As the sensor enclosure is to be used for rehabilitation purposes, it must be biocompatible and resistant to impact energy caused by drops at certain heights. A cost analysis was desired with a comparison between different materials produced using various 3D printing techniques such as FDM, SLS and Polyjet printing.


    The Challenge: In addition to manufacturability, biocompatibility and durability, a main design concern regarding the product was a charging issue between the sensor and charging enclosure. Due to dimensional miss-match between parts, pins between entities were not aligning properly and was causing the charge to occasionally stop or inhibit charge.


    The Solution: 3D Printed prototypes were produced with the specifications provided by LEVEL to assess the manufacturing parameters and test adjustments to correct the fitting of sensor enclosures in the charging station, improve impact strength, surface quality and ease of manufacturing. As milestones were being accomplished during the execution of the project, new manufacturing challenges arose which were incorporated into the objectives of the project. The inspection of the prototypes produced at CIM revealed the cause of the charging problem, which was the printing process resulting in a misalignment between the PCB connectors and the sensor enclosure. A modification in the part fabrication process produced an improvement in the strength of the clips. Comparison of different biocompatible materials and selection was accomplished. As part of the DMF study, research performed on the injection molding alternative produced preliminary results about the determination of design features that require adjustment.

  • Sonami Logo  

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Prosfit Care Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Andy Alubaidy, MEET

    Co-Principle Investigator: Ethan Shen, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants: Mohamed Kasim (MEET), Zain Panjwani (MEET)

    Technology Areas: Robotics, electro-mechanics, biomechanics, sensors, FEA, simulation/modelling


    The project aim was to gather data for enhancing the comfort of prosthetic users with lower-limb amputations. The end goal is to assist professionals in delivering better prosthetic products and services by refining prosthetic alignment and making other necessary adjustments.


    The Challenge:

    • A large dataset is required to acquire enough understanding to improve prosthetic provision services and outcomes
    • There is little opportunity for user testing of extreme conditions without putting prosthetic users at risk

    The Solution: The proposed solution utilizes a 6-axis robot that can mimic human movement patterns, allowing for thorough testing of how changes in variables affect force distribution and other data. The primary goal of this Robotic Gait Simulator (RGS) is to enhance the configuration and alignment of lower-limb prosthetics.

    Key project objectives completed on the project included:

    • Programming the RGS to replicate human gait with prosthetic limbs
    • Conducting Finite Element Analysis (FEA) on gait scenarios to forecast outcomes and data acquisition during testing
    • Formulating protocols for equipment setup, programming, variable testing and data management

    Further progress towards optimizing prosthetic design and alignment through precise simulation and analysis is currently underway in a follow-up project.

  •  

    Funding Agency/Program: NRC IRAP/CTO 

    Industry Partner: Dovercourt Management Corp.

    Principle Investigator: Dr. Amin Ghobeity, MEET

    Co-Investigator: Dr. Seyedfoad Aghamiri, MEET

    Student Research Assistants: Damon Soni, Gia Ngo, MEET

    Technology Areas: Electroplating, Manufacturing, Energy Systems, Thermal Modeling


    Electroplating is an important process in parts manufacturing, critical to finishing functional parts such as automotive components.  During the electroplating process, thermal and power consumption are  high and energy system optimization approaches could significantly reduce the cost and combined energy draw.


    The Challenge: To conduct a feasibility study modeling the impact of the use of CHP (Combined Heat and Power) units producing thermal energy and electricity simultaneously from a single energy source, and recovering heat to boost efficiency.


    The Solution: Thermo-economic feasibility of CHP for electroplating was completed.  Benchmarking of existing electrical and thermal power requirements were used as the input model for the design input for sizing and optimization of the CHP unit.  Economic analysis considering electricity and natural gas prices was also conducted.  Recommendations of CHP units with the greatest positive impact were provided to the industry partner.

  •  

    Funding Agency/Program: NRC IRAP/CTO 

    Industry Partner: Systems with Intelligence Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Ammar Al-Qaraghuli, MEET

    Co-Investigator: Asama Nseaf, MEET

    Student Research Assistants:  Yash Rathod, Dhruvkumar Sojitra, MEET

    Technology Areas: Remote Monitoring, IOT, Vision Systems, Data Analytics,  Machine Learning


    Electrical power stations require constant monitoring, and the detection and analysis of hot spots are critical due to the possibility of these leading to a catastrophic event such as a critical equipment failure or fire.  Automated detection and machine learning models were developed and tested for hot spot detection.


    The Challenge: To demonstrate machine learning models based on computer vision and analytics systems, which would be suitable for system deployment, testing, and performance tuning.


    The Solution: Deep learning-based architectures and a machine learning system were built for two tasks: fire detection and gauge reading in electric power stations. From research datasets, the algorithms were built and tested using public scientific datasets for fire detection and augmented images dataset for gauge detection.  Performance evaluation of the demonstrated systems attained accuracy rates in the range of 97.5% with the opportunity for improvement upon further development.

  • Sonami Logo Drystill Logo 

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Drystill Holdings Inc

    Principle Investigator: Manju Sunil Varghese, CHEM

    Co-Investigator: Dr. Ethan Shen, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants:  Harmanjot Singh (MEET), Akashdeep Singh (MEET)

    Technology Areas: Separation Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Assembly, Prototyping


    Design, create and assemble the equipment required to make a working prototype of a horizontal SAM (Stripper-Absorption Module), to work under low temperature, vacuum conditions ideal for a gentle dealcoholization of beverages, to retain the subtle flavors and aromas of beer and wine.


    The Challenge: To design the equipment and select the required material for the prototype (SAM), assemble while ensuring adequate sealing, and test under vacuum.


    The Solution: Two manifolds were connected with pipes pass separate solutions at top and the bottom of the main shell, and a geometrical design was implemented to enable the fluids to circulate easily without restrictions. The manifolds were custom designed, and drilling and shaping were constructed manually using a custom-made rig by team members. The system was optimized for operation of the SAM unit to maintain constant vacuum at 30 torr for at least one hour. Vacuum leaks were determined at the pipe joints to iteratively improve the required seal although further work is required to ensure internal sealing of the unit. Flow distribution over the heat pipes was improved by designing a flow distributor.

  • NSERC | CRSNG Sarox Technology

    Funding Agency/Program: NSERC/ Engage

    Industry Partner: Sarox Technology Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Dr. Daryoush Mortazavi, MEET

    Student Research Assistant: Alireza Bidkhori, MEET

    Technology Areas: Information Systems and Technology, Cloud Computing, Preventive Maintenance, Electrical Machinery


    Currently, Sarox provides predictive maintenance planning for many industries, conducted via collecting electrical machinery parameters and monitoring using wired sensors and a local PC. Development of remote monitoring of machinery parameters and analysis using an AI algorithm enables the possibility of more effective prediction of maintenance intervals.


    The Challenge: Cost-effective, smart electrical machinery malfunction detection and maintenance prediction is required to reduce the maintenance costs through predicting and/or preventing maintenance periods of electrical equipment, especially motors and generators in manufacturing industries.


    The Solution: Condition monitoring is one method to prevent outage costs via monitoring parameters of electrical machines on power lines, stators or rotors, such as voltage, current, temperature and vibration. This project utilized Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) based solutions that collect data from industrial sensors with machine-to-machine communications and automation technologies to monitor health conditions of electrical machines and predict maintenance period. This project utilized Python code and data received in RaspberryPi using serial TTY connection from an electric motor, and a GUI was created so that test parameters can be easily monitored and trigger alarms for preventive maintenance procedures.

  • NSERC | CRSNG Arshon Technology

    Funding Agency/Program: NSERC/ Engage

    Industry Partner: Arshon Silicon Technology Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Dr. Daryoush Mortazavi, MEET

    Student Research Assistants: Stephan Vorster, Jasprit Snght, MEET

    Technology Areas: Information Systems and Technology, Cloud Computing, IOT, Preventive Maintenance, Power Distribution


    Power outages in power distribution systems are one of the main concerns of the power industry. Therefore, developing solutions that can predict the maintenance periods and prevent unwanted maintenance is crucial in decreasing outage costs and improving system reliability.


    The Challenge: Cost-effective, smart electrical machinery malfunction detection and maintenance prediction is required to reduce the maintenance costs through predicting and/or preventing maintenance periods of electrical equipment, especially motors and generators in manufacturing industries.


    The Solution: The collaborative team researched, tested and explored multiple cross-platform frameworks for developing, implementing and testing an IoT and mobile solution to measure power quality. The project resulted in an enhanced mobile UI/UX for engagement, AI readiness activities, and a new channel of user data analytics. The team implemented LoRa communication to transfer data from PIC microcontroller to a Lora receiver. In addition to power line information, the location of the installed device was extracted using a GPS module and sent over the LoRa module. A metering IC chip was used to get power line data like RMS, Peak, and harmony values.

  • Sonami Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: HCI Lighting

    Principle Investigator: Dr. Ethan Shen, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants:  Stavro Gentile (MEET), Darius Innis (MEET)

    Technology Areas: 3D Printing, IoT, Mechanical Systems, Automation


    Raising and lowering flags at locations that are not easy to reach is time consuming and labour intensive. With IoT technology becoming readily available, most flagpole operations could be carried out automatically. HCI lighting is investigating the incorporation of automation capability into flagpoles to enable remote flag motion control.


    The Challenge: Designing a combination of motor/pulley system and the integration of a micro-controller to communicate with user interface app on a mobile phone for remote control.


    The Solution: The integrated system prototype was designed based on appropriate components for the application, iterative design, and feasible use in industry. A motor was chosen based on load, and 3D printed pulleys were custom designed to improve gripping on the rope. Bluetooth technology was used as the communication protocol between mobile phones and the micro-controller. The prototype successfully fulfilled the industry partner requirements, and the technology was transferred to the industry partner.

  • Sonami Logo Stern Laboratories Inc. Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Stern Laboratories Inc

    Principle Investigator: Joaquin Moran, MEET

    Technology Areas: Mechanical Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Nuclear Power


    Modeling the flow field around the fuel bundle is essential for predicting the surface temperature of the radioactive fuel and has important safety and optimization implications. Our goal is to utilize Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to predict the flow parameters and compare with existing experimental measurements. The outcome of the research project will allow to develop safer reactors and is aligned with Ontario’s clean energy policies and objectives.


    The Challenge: Obtain an acceptable model to replicate experimental measurements of temperature in a CANDU fuel element.


    The Solution: Numerical Simulation and High-Performance Computing were successfully used to study the effect of different mesh densities and turbulence models in the solution of this problem. The final approach, which included a complex 3D mesh and used RSM for modelling of flow turbulence, could reproduce the temperature profiles obtained in practical experiments.

  • Sonami Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: COSM Medical

    Principle Investigator: Dr. John Phillips, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Technology Areas: 3D Printing, Design, Biomedical Engineering, Women's Health


    The current Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantifications System (POP-Q) is quantified by using finger measurements, which suffers from subjectivity and inconsistency amongst clinicians. It was hypothesized that using a mechanical measurement tool will increase accuracy and repeatability of clinicians recording POP-Q alongside other assessments associated with pessary fittings.


    The Challenge: There were currently no medical instruments available that can measure the parameters related to pessary fittings and Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantifications System (POP-Q). The tool needed to be single use, relatively inexpensive, biocompatible, ergonomic, and able to accommodate the anatomical constraints of the human vaginal canal.


    The Solution: Multiple mechanical tools were designed, and prototypes were developed that could measure key parameters of pelvic floor and vaginal assessment including the POP-Q. The tools were evaluated by bench testing and clinician feedback. 3D printing was extensively explored as a manufacturing strategy to produce both the prototypes and the short run of tools for clinical testing.  Different 3D printers and materials were explored to evaluate the biocompatible, durability, and functionality. One of the designs was refined through multiple iterations and was developed to meet the need of the company to explore clinical trials.

  • Sonami Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Acrebot Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Ramzy Ganady, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants: Mohamed Kasim (MEET), Darius Inniss (MEET), Yashkumar Rajeshbhai Patel (MEET)

    Technology Areas: Robotics, Vision, Mechanical design, and programming


    Many Canadian farmers are experiencing long-term, structural labour shortages, and are unable to meet the workforce needs of greenhouse harvesting. To reduce labour shortages, a machine may take on the more autonomous harvesting tasks on farms. This project aimed to develop an autonomous robotic greenhouse harvester that would eventually close the gap in greenhouse labour requirements.


    The Challenge: To develop a vision-guided robot, capable of identifying and harvesting tomatoes, bell peppers and cucumbers — vegetables that make up the largest share of greenhouse vegetables grown in Canada.


    The Solution: The Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies) and Acrebot Inc. worked collaboratively on an eight month project to develop a prototype for the new system. Acrebot had already developed a vision system for the robot to recognize the vegetables, and by working with the Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing, the vision system was physically demonstrated with industrial robots. The Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing team helped establish communication between the vision and robotic systems, and then iterated and prototyped Acrebot's design for the robotic arm's end effector that would be able to grab the vegetables and cut off their stems, and then deposit them into collection boxes. The system successfully demonstrated the harvesting of the target vegetables and is a positive example of the benefits of de-risking a business's investment in new technology.

  • Sonami Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Compact Mould Ltd.

    Principle Investigator: Dr. John Phillips, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants: Drew Pitchford (MEET)

    Technology Areas: Metal 3D printing, Metal mold cooling


    A key challenge in the manufacturing of parts via blow moulding is the cooling time required; cooling typically makes up 80 to 85 percent of the overall cycle time. Proper cooling time is not only a major factor in the end quality of a part — it's the most time consuming component of a molding cycle.


    The Challenge: Molds and blow pins are typically manufactured using CNC machines and are therefore limited to designs that are achievable with subtractive manufacturing processes.


    The Solution: Three different blow molding components with custom cooling strategies were designed and manufactured using Selective Laser Melting (SLM) 3D metal printing technology. The designs were analyzed and optimized before manufacturing using CFD thermal modeling and compared to traditional conventionally machined cooling strategies. The parts were made using 316L stainless steel which is suboptimal for mold tooling and cooling but were successfully tested. The 3D metal printed parts were shown to decrease molding cycle times when compared to the conventionally machined parts.

  • Sonami Logo Simplified Automation logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Simplified Automation Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Nicholas Johnston (Applied Computing, FAST)

    Student Research Assistants: Imaan Kamau-Wanjiru (ACOMP), Omar Kooliyat (ACOMP)

    Technology Areas: Cybersecurity, Authentication, Software Security Controls


    This project reviewed the current login flow in detail so the existing security controls can be documented and assessed. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) for login was later introduced to support users without email addresses. Secure password and other MFA credential resets were also enabled.


    The Challenge: Missing or outdated security controls of the web application login and password reset workflow results in vulnerability to attack and compromise. An approach needed to be taken to introduce industry standard and appropriate security controls for industrial applications.


    The Solution: Identified security control gaps were addressed by a solution proposal. The environmental constraints of the factory environments necessitated the research and development of authentication workflows beyond standard authenticating factors such as email addresses or mobile devices. The newly developed security workflows were implemented into a testing environment, with security and functionality testing carried out.  The security controls test solution was then transferred to SA for implementation into the production environment by the industry partner (execution is underway).

  • Sonami Logo Rex Power Magnetics logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Rex Power Magnetics

    Principle Investigators: Ramzy Ganady, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies); Saleh Jiddawi, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Student Research Assistants: Drew Pitchford (MEET), Mohamed Kasim (MEET)

    Technology Areas: Robotics, Programming, Pneumatic Design, Industrial Automation


    The project aim was development of an alternative process to improve productivity, to replace a process that is highly repetitive and prone to injury. This project successfully automated the stacking of u-shaped, steel laminations, to create an industrial process that was repeatable and reliable without human intervention.


    The Challenge: In a single core, laminations varied widely in weight, rigidity, and length. The laminations were also extremely thin and non-rigid during movement.


    The Solution: The team solved this challenge using a magnetic gripper mounted onto one of the ABB Robots. The gripper had a custom cushion pad with a slight draft angle that would bend the u-shaped laminations outward. A spreader was used to spread the laminations apart before the stacking process to improve repeatability. The end of the process stacked laminations in an upright position, rotated to a horizontal position and ejected the stack to a nearby conveyor.

  • Sonami Logo

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Guelph Orthotics Inc

    Principle Investigator: Dr. John Phillips, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)


    Foot and skate position has been found to be significant in creating an efficient and powerful skating stride. Based on the natural position and alignment characteristics of feet some athletes are at either and advantage or disadvantage when it comes to their skating stride.


    The Challenge: The production of a hockey skate orthotic which may improve performance.


    The Solution: The production of a 3D printed prototype which can be used for real world testing by the industry partner.

  • NSERC | CRSNG HATCH logo

    Funding Agency/Program: NSERC/ ARD

    Industry Partner: Hatch Ltd.

    Principle Investigators: Dr. Anita Usas Neving, CHEM and Dr. Karina Lopez, CHEM

    Student Research Assistants: Catherine Giu, Kevin Theodore, Gurvinder Singh Sekhon, Charnele Andrews, Bryn Smith, and Puneet Kaur Johal, MEET and CHEM

    Technology Areas: Chemical Analysis, Environmental Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Design


    Liquid-liquid extraction is an important process in the mining industry to remove metals from water but can also have negative environmental impact and potential hazardous effects due to the large quantity of organic solvents (e.g. an organic solvent could be kerosene). The metal recovery process can also impact cost and production efficiencies for the company.


    The Challenge: To improve mixing performance and minimize separation time via a new in-line mixing process which separates and recovers the metals of a mining process.


    The Solution: During the course of this 3-year, multidisciplinary project, a prototype pilot plant was developed to test and evaluate different in-line mixers by mixing the water and organic solvent in the pipeline, pushing it through a settler, and testing the recovery of the metals. The work provided valuable expertise, insight and understanding of the technology, and laid the foundation for further development of this process.

  • Sonami Logo Guitar Pick

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: Dapasoft Inc.

    Principle Investigator: Saleh Jiddawi, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Co-Investigators: Somayyeh Poshtiban, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering & Technology (MEET) / Douglas Whitton (Faculty of Animation, Arts & Design (FAAD), IxD )

    Student Research Assistants: Sanket Patel (MEET) Yara Kashlan (FAAD)

    Technology Areas: Electronics prototyping, IoT, Interaction Design


    In the rapidly evolving pandemic, this research project will use cutting-edge technology to develop a geotracking wearable wristband.


    The Challenge: The main challenge addressed is that of monitoring and tracking individuals under the 14-day quarantine due to COVID-19 regulations primarily related to travel restrictions.


    The Solution: Design and produce an aesthetically appealing, functional prototype(s) of the quarantine tracking wristband.

  • Sonami Logo Guitar Pick

    Funding Agency/Program: FedDev Ontario/ SONAMI

    Industry Partner: 2unify

    Principle Investigator: Saleh Jiddawi, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies) / Ramzy Ganady, Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies)

    Technology Areas: AI, Prototyping


    Guitar tuning can be a time-consuming, inconvenient and stressful task — especially in larger school or music settings. In order to automate this task, a research project addressed improvement of a smart stand to ensure higher accuracy, easier assembly, and a smoother hands-free experience to guitar tuning. The goal is for next generation 2unify stands to be able to tune any stringed instrument for musicians and music institutions.


    The Challenge: Barriers to product development faced by the company and addressed by this project were the cost of manufacturing, assembly time, safe transportation, cord management and smart stand mechanical motion.


    The Solution: 2Unify collaborated with the Centre for Intelligent Manufacturing (formerly known as the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Design Technologies) to develop a stable and more functional 3D prototype of the Hands-Free Guitar Tuner. The project produced five prototypes using digital design and 3D printing — each one incrementally better than the last. Each prototype focused on improving multiple aspects of the product challenges. The final prototype enables the "smart" Hands-Free Guitar Tuner to be simpler to assemble and disassemble, easier to transport, and to function with greater simplicity than the previous prototype.

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